A story turn is a change in direction, usually at the point where the character makes the decision to face the dilema that the story has presented which comes before the rising climax which leads to a resolution. The stronger the turn at the climax the better the story.
In detective fiction it could be say a detective going over cold case evidence and finding what all the others had missed that told them who the killer was.
Or say a character who is psychologically put down or backed into a corner and decides he or she is not going to take it anymore and to go into fightback mode.
There can be turns at different points in the story, some plot related, some character related, that can have a positive or negative outcome, but all relating to facing a dilema. Depending on their strength, depends if they are worthy of a story beat or plot point.
An example in one of my WIP is where children, retirees, and the infirm are loaded onto buses, supposidly to go and be escorted by the army to a FEMA camp. The turning point is where the MC discovers they were actually taken away and massacred to preserve food supplies. This forces a normally placid character to go in a certain direction
It's where a significant plot or character development event happens. A novel usually has several turns.
If you want to see examples of how this works and how it's useful in plotting (or editing for those of us who don't outline) google "save the cat." Blake Snyder's beats are one of the most popular tools for plotting turns (or beats).
To be honest, I'm not sure I've heard the term before. At the mention of the phrase "story turn," my brain automatically jumped to the show The Simpsons. That show often has one plot in the first few minutes, but then suddenly the "story turns" (see what I did there??) and the episode is suddenly about something different.
Other than that, the phrase seems to me to be just another box that writers supposedly have to check off for their books.
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